The Cellular Jail is a three-storied prison, in Andaman and Nicobar Islands constructed by the British in 1906; it's a pilgrim destination for freedom fighters. This spot is perhaps the Island's most popular tourist attraction.
Inside Kala Pani Cellular JailThis colossal edifice has mutely witnessed the most treacherous of inhumane atrocities borne by the convicts, who were mostly freedom fighters.
It is now dedicated to the nation as a National Memorial. It also goes by the name of 'Kala Pani'.
Historical background of the Cellular Jail
The Cellular Jail is a stone fortress where India's freedom fighters were incarcerated and punished for rebelling against the British rule in India. The jail symbolises India's freedom struggle. It also has a museum and art gallery.
Why the name "Cellular"?
It acquired the name, ‘cellular' because it is entirely made up of individual cells for the solitary confinement of the prisoners. It originally was a seven pronged, puce-colored building with central tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure comprising honeycomb like corridors.
The building was subsequently damaged and presently three out of the seven prongs are intact. The penal settlement established in Andaman by the British after the First War of Independence in 1857 was the beginning of the agonizing story of freedom fighters in the massive and awful jails at Viper Island followed by the Cellular Jail.
Netaji unfurls the Indian flag here
The patriots who raised their voice against the British Raj were sent to this Jail, where many perished. Netaji Subash Chandra Bose hoisted the tri-colour flag to proclaim Independence on 30th December 1943 at a place near this Jail.
A poignant light and sound show is conducted every day between 9am - 12 noon and 2pm - 5pm. Mondays are weekly holidays and therefore closed.
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